Designer & Educator

Rap / Glossary

Fall 2018


Definition
 

Research (Inquiry)

a) to use tools, methods or a methodology to collect qualitative and quantitative data, explore and thoroughly learn about a subject, its context and its audience(s).

b) to explore formal or material qualities

Analysis (Distillation)

a) to compare and contrast data collected and to conclude understanding

b) to critically reflect on formal/material explorations

Synthesis (Application)

a) to devise an informed strategy for a design response

b) to devise an informed strategy for a design response

 

Process 

a) the entire journey usually starting with debriefing and research towards developing a response

b) the exploration of a design response based on research and analysis

Methodology

A methodology is the deliberate, sequential application of principles and tools for an inquiry to achieve a particular goal. 

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Tool

A tool is a method to facilitate an activity such as revealing or explaining differences, connections,  priorities or processes.

 

Research Methods
 


Qualitative Methods
 


Focus Group

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Survey

  • Questionnaire
  • Photography
  • Film
  • History
  • Literature Review
  • Media
  • Social Listening
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Ethnography

  • Photography
  • Interviews(Structured + Unstructured)
  • Observation
 

Mapping

  • User Experience 
  • Journey
  • Empathy
  • Mind-mapping
  • Geo-mapping

Collection

  • Terms
  • Objects
  • Competitors
  • Materials
  • Lists
  • Questions
  • Data From Open Sources, Subscriptions, Self-initiated Collection

Others

  • Cultural Probes
  • Participatory Action Research
  • Role Playing
  • Persona 
  • User Scenario
 

Quantitative Methods
 


Survey

  • Questionnaire
  • Interview
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Collecting

  • Data
 
 

Making
 


  • Iterating
  • Exploring
  • Experimenting
  • Within Framework
  • Freeflow (Stream of Consciousness)
  • Sketching
  • Word Associations
  • Material Studies
  • Speculative Design / Design Fiction
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Others

  • Library research
  • Dictionary 
 
 

Analysis Methods
 

Organize / Interpret / Distilling / Extracting / Prioritizing
 

Taxonomy

  • Typology
  • Matrix
  • Categorizing
  • Cataloging
  • Hierarchy
  • LATCH (Location, alphabet, time, category, history)
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Compare/Contrast

  • Survey Outcomes
  • Field Work
  • Observations
  • Media
  • Photography
  • Data
  • 6 Thinking Hats
  • SWOT

Mapping

  • User Experience 
  • Empathy
  • System/context
  • Correlations
  • Taxonomy
 

Grounded Theory

  • Pattern Recognition
  • Codifying
  • Identifying Outliers
  • Collecting
 
 
 

Making
 


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Prototyping

  • Mockup
  • Interpreting
  • Visualizing
  • Iterating
  • Exploring
  • Experimenting within parameters
 
 
 

Synthesis Methods
 

Defining

  • Developing a Hypothesis
  • Writing a Brief

Strategizing

  • System
  • Conceptualizing
  • Ideating 
  • Writing a proposal
 
 

Making


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  • Establishing a vocabulary: visuals, interactions, terms/names
  • Constructing
  • Sketching
  • Iterating
  • Speculative design